Policies and Programmes in DRR
UNDP supports the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction through five key thematic areas of policy and programme support:
ACTIONABLE RISK INFORMATION
Making risk information accessible in a simple manner is essential for risk-informing development policies and plans, and for enabling the application of the same by public and private stakeholders. UNDP’s work on Actionable Risk Information facilitates this objective and provides an evidence-base for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.
Specific areas of UNDP support include capacity development for communities and national and subnational stakeholders so that they can conduct comprehensive disaster risk assessments. This allows them to identify the prevalent natural hazards, exposure of people, assets and livelihoods to these hazards, and related vulnerabilities. All assessments supported by UNDP strive to be climate sensitive, as well as sex and age disaggregated. UNDP also supports governments to institutionalize risk information systems and have access to standardized tools, methodologies and approaches that help gather, assess and communicate risk-information. This includes support for damage and loss accounting systems that inform the risk assessment process and meet the monitoring needs of national and international policy commitments.
UNDP’s support to Actionable Risk Information is directly aligned with Priority 1 of the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction: ‘Understanding Disaster Risk’. Since 2005, UNDP has helped 30 countries establish disaster loss databases, while 60 countries have developed risk profiles through risk modeling and mapping.
DISASTER AND CLIMATE RISK GOVERNANCE
The social, economic, and political decisions that determine exposure and vulnerability to natural hazards play a key role in the configuration of disaster and climate risks, providing entry points for UNDP’s work on Disaster & Climate Risk Governance. In support of national and local governments, UNDP provides technical support to strengthen policy, legal and institutional development that fosters greater accountability and integrated solutions for disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation. Emphasis is placed on the principles of good governance, i.e. transparency, accountability, efficiency and effectiveness, participation, responsiveness, equity, and inclusion.
Specific areas of support include: capacity development for coherent DRR and adaptation policies; incentives for DRR and adaptation through legal and regulatory frameworks; embedding risk in national and sectoral planning and programmes; increasing public and private investments for DRR and adaptation; and ensuring DRR and adaptation solutions are gender-responsive.
UNDP’s support to Disaster & Climate Risk Governance is directly aligned with Priority 2 of the Sendai Framework on DRR on ‘Strengthening Risk Governance to Manage Disaster Risk’. From 2005 to 2015, UNDP worked to strengthen risk governance in 125 countries by advancing legal frameworks, supporting policy and strategy development, and mainstreaming DRR in development planning.
PREPAREDNESS AND EARLY WARNING
Early warning and preparedness systems have the potential to significantly reduce the loss of life and livelihoods from disasters, simultaneously building resilience and supporting the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). UNDP’s work in this area supports countries with comprehensive multi-hazard early warning systems, as well as the development of medium and long-term forecasting capacities.
Specific areas of support include strengthening effective coordination for effective dissemination of early warning and preparedness messages; expansion of infrastructure and technical capacities of forecasting institutions; building contingency planning capacities at national and local levels; improving policies to enable emergency response agencies (such as the civil defence, police, armed forces, red cross/crescent, search and rescue or municipal fire services) to respond to emergencies; community training and drills and linking traditional knowledge to science; and forging formal partnerships among ICT companies, government, civil society, and media houses—promoting innovative communication to share actionable warning messages with all stakeholders, ensuring ‘last mile’ connectivity.
UNDP’s support to Preparedness & Early Warning is directly aligned with Priority 4 of the Sendai Framework on DRR on ‘Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to build back better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction’. Currently, UNDP has 96 active early warning and preparedness projects. These projects support countries to enhance coordination and multi-stakeholder participation, and the use of innovation, to better connect national and local early warning systems to the most vulnerable communities.
URBAN AND COMMUNITY RISK MANAGEMENT
The increasing impacts of disaster and climate risks pose significant challenges to communities, both in urban and rural areas, in their efforts to reduce poverty and achieve sustainable development. Whilst efforts to mainstream disaster and climate risks into urban and community development plans have become more widespread, investments in both financial and technical capacities are still heavily concentrated on preparedness and emergency response rather than risk reduction. UNDP’s work on Urban and Community Risk Management seeks to address these challenges and help scale-up local pilot interventions by linking them with local development planning and budgeting processes.
Specific areas of support include strengthening integrated disaster and climate risk management capacities of local governments, municipalities, cities, rural district administrations, and grass-root communities; expanding investments in risk-informed local and community development; providing know-how and technical assistance for implementing integrated risk reduction measures at local level, such as climate resistant livelihood and recovery measures; and supporting elected representatives of local government administrations to link with at-risk communities and citizens.
UNDP’s support to Urban and Community Risk Management is aligned with all priorities of the Sendai Framework on DRR and helps foster implementation of disaster risk reduction at the local level. From 2005 to 2015, UNDP provided local and urban risk management to at least 75 countries, resulting in a better understanding of local governments and communities of the risks they are exposed to, as well of how to build on their capacities, knowledge and culture in efforts to reduce and manage risks.
UNDP works with national and local partners to support recovery efforts that don’t just reconstruct pre-existing conditions but also addresses underlying risk and builds back better. This includes preparedness for recovery, early recovery, which helps facilitate the shift from relief to recovery; and long-term recovery, which encompasses the multi-year process of returning to sustainable development.
Since 2008, the European Union, World Bank and UNDP have collaborated on Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) and Disaster Recovery Framework (DRF) tools. These are intended to support national governments as they assess disaster impact and plan for a long-term, sustainable recovery. These tools streamline the post-disaster process, avoid the proliferation of multiple, competing assessments, and help develop a single recovery plan that emphasizes resilience and sustainability.
UNDP’s support to Disaster Recovery is directly aligned with Priority 4 of the Sendai Framework on DRR on ‘Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to build back better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction’.