GFMC, hosted by the Fire Ecology Research Group, a subdivision of the Biogeochemistry Department of the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry at Freiburg University, and Associated Institute of United Nations University (UNU),provides a publicly accessible global portal for wildland fire documentation, information and monitoring. Its contents are generated by a worldwide network of cooperating institutions, dealing with early warning, archive and interpretation of fire information, support to develop public policies and implementation strategies and decisions from local to international level.
Disaster Reduction Goal
Reduce the negative impacts of vegetation fires on the environment and humanity
Policies and Programmes in DRR
The GFMC through the Global Wildland Fire Network and the UNISDR Wildland Fire Advisory Group has established an interagency and inter-sectoral forum on Wildland Fire of UN and non-UN agencies and programmes to facilitate the creation of mechanisms of information and task sharing to prevent and reduce the negative impacts of vegetation fires on the environment and humanity.
Membership in Key Networks
The own network is the Global Wildland Fire Network (GWFN), which is closely cooperating with the Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics (GOFC-GOLD) Fire Monitoring & Mapping Implementation Team. The UNECE/FAO team of Specialists on Forest Fire expanded gradually its regional work towards building the Global Wildland Fire Network.
Making disaster risk reduction a policy priority, institutional strengthening (HFA 1)
(1) GFMC and GWFN are supporting countries to develop national fire management policies and implementation strategies.
(2) Emphasis is given to enhance participation and responsibility of local communities in fire management through participatory approaches ("Community-Based Fire Management")
Risk assessment and early warning systems (HFA 2)
GFMC is running the first global prototype of a "Global Wildland Fire Early Warning System":
This includes a global portal for regional and national wildland fire early warning systems:
Education, information and public awareness (HFA 3)
GFMC is offering assistance to countries to enhance fire management capacity through competency-based training. National Round Table on Fire Management, which are mainly targeted to develop national fire management policies, go along with participation of civil society.
Reducing underlying risk factors (HFA 4)
Since the vast majority of vegetation fires, including uncontrolled wildfires, are caused or set by humans, either as a consequence of negligence, unawareness of risks, often in the frame of rural land use and land-use change, the main approach on community-based fire management is to reduce unwanted fires. The outreach work includes however capacity building in ecologically benign and safe burning practices (prescribed burning) where applicable.
Preparedness for effective response (HFA 5)
Preparedness activities in fire management go closely along with the prevention of underlying risk factors. Emphasis is given to empower local communities in taking efficient responsibilities in wildfire preparedness. Local to national land management authorities and fire services are also supported. At international level GFMC is serving as Secretariat of the (1) International Fire Avialtion Working Group, and (2) the International Working Group on Cooperation in Wildfire Preparedness and Response, both of which are developing SOPs / voluntary guidlines for international wildfire preparedness and response.
Global wildland fire information and data repository
Making Cities Resilient Campaign Activities
GFMC through the Regional Wildland Fire Networks is supporting national and local governments to protect the urban (and rural) populations against the adverse effects of vegetation fire smoke pollution
Disaster Risk Reduction Focal Point(s)
Each of the 14 Regional Wildland Fire Networks has one or more regional coordinators and co-coordinators, as well as national focal points. These are found on the websites of the Regional Wildland Fire Networks.
GOFC-GOLD Fire IT
GFMC within EUR-OPA Agreement:
International Fire Aviation Working Group (IFAWG):
Former ISDR-IATF Web Page of the Working Group 4 "Wildland Fire":