Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio 1992, sustainable development has remained elusive for many African countries. Poverty is still a major challenge, as 41% of the Sub-Sahara African population (or roughly 300 million people) were living on one dollar a day or less in 2004.
Most countries on the continent have not managed to reap fully the benefits of globalization. Besides, multiple armed conflicts, insufficient access to education and widespread pandemics, such as HIV and malaria, have undermined Africa's efforts to achieve sustainable development. The region is also challenged by serious environmental threats, including desertification, deforestation and climate change.
The Commission on Sustainable Development, with its focus on the thematic issues of agriculture, rural development, land, drought, desertification, and Africa in its upcoming policy session, will provide a timely platform for Governments, UN, and major groups, including private sector, to reinvigorate their resolve to tackle the global food price crisis, meet the hunger and malnutrition challenge and contribute to the achievement of the MDGs and the Johannesburg targets and commitments.
Governments, UN, and major groups, including private sector.
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