The school disaster management plan aims to identify and manage hazards in the school, prepare and respond to emergencies in school, and to mitigate the effect of disasters on the school. Disaster management planning begins with awareness on the part of teachers and students. The awareness raising exercise consists of a guided dialogue led by the teacher.
Teachers will then develop a disaster management plan. Identifying the vulnerabilities of the school will involve revisiting the history of disasters that have affected the school. Establishment of an annual calendar to take account of cyclical hazards that must be dealt with on an ongoing basis. Mapping the main physical features around the school will also support the disaster management planning process. The final planning document includes a resource matrix, details of coping capacity, and list of safe places and evacuation plans. The School Disaster Management Plan is to be updated and evaluated at a fixed time each year.
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