The work that provided the basis for this publication was supported by joint funding through a cooperative agreement between the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the State of California Governor's Office of Emergency Services. This material is aimed at school staff and administrators and consists of four sections:
1.To provide an overview of earthquake preparedness issues,responsibilities and the planning process.
2. Nonstructural Hazard Identification and Reduction:
Nonstructural hazards are caused by the furnishings and nonstructural elements of a building. Anything that does not actually hold the building up is considered nonstructural, including floors, ceilings, windows, and all furnishings. In California public schools nonstructural hazards represent the greatest threat to the safety of students and staff. Eliminating these hazards can reduce injuries significantly.
3. Storing (Emergency) Supplies:
It may not be possible to leave the school following an earthquake, therefore it is important to identify and obtain the medical supplies, tools and equipment, water and food needed in order to care for children and staff within the school compound. The program considers a three day survival period. A delegation plan and checklists for the various types of materials are presented. Instructions for storage of medicines and water are given.
4. Earthquake Drills:
After an earthquake or other disaster, everyone must already know how to react appropriately. Life-protecting actions must be taken immediately, based on decisions that have already been made. Earthquake drills and exercises teach students, staff, and parents how to respond to the complications of an actual earthquake. Drills also help in the evaluation of emergency plans. This sections outlines procedures for testing all of the advance preparations that a school must make to confront the risk of a serious earthquake.
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