This document seizes the opportunity of the first anniversary of the world’s first continental convention aimed at protecting and assisting internally displaced people (IDPs), the Kampala Convention, to see how far African countries have come in assisting and protecting their internally displaced populations, while identifying the challenges that lay ahead.
Using a case study in Nigeria, the document reports on the number of persons displaced by rapid-onset disasters sparked by floods and storms in countries that have either signed or ratified the Kampala Convention. It notes that the Kampala Convention does not just address displacement once it has occurred, but also highlights the significance of preventing displacement through the establishment of effective early warning systems, disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies, and disaster preparedness and management plans.
The overall report focuses specifically on four key issues: (i) national responsibility; (ii) forced evictions; (iii) displacement due to disasters like floods and storms; and (iv) the important role of civil society organizations and IDPs themselves in addressing internal displacement.
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