This technical briefing addresses: (i) the relationship between population dynamics and vulnerability to climate change in Semarang, a city located in Central Java, Indonesia, which faces hazards such as drought, land subsidence, landslides and floods, many of which are likely to become more severe and frequent as a result of climate change; and (ii) the related need to develop more targeted and effective adaptation policies and actions.
The document presents demographic and spatial analysis indicating areas in which exposure to climate-related hazards coincides with social and demographic characteristics that exacerbate vulnerability. It is intended to be used to target policies and initiatives toward reducing the impacts of climate change more effectively. It is the fourth in a series of technical briefings prepared by UNFPA and IIED on urbanization and emerging population issues.
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