These methodological notes propose a number of climate risk management (CRM) indicators. These include 8 national level indicators relating to: integration/mainstreaming, coordination, budgeting, knowledge, use of climate information, planning under uncertainty, participation and awareness among stakeholders.
The methodological notes provide detailed guidance on a scorecard containing five questions to which the answer is yes, partially, or no, and scored 0, 1 or 2 respectively. The answers to these questions can be aggregated to yield an overall score out of 10 for each indicator, so that changes in the extent and quality of CRM over the various dimensions the indicators represent can be tracked over time. The nature of these indicators means changes in CRM performance can be tracked over relatively short timescales (e.g. annually).
The indicators are the following:
1. Representation of strategies that address climate change in relevant planning documents and processes: this indicator is designed to capture the extent to which considerations of climate change (risks, opportunities) are integrated into planning processes in national, sectoral or other institutional contexts (e.g. donor institutions or MDBs).
2. Extent and quality of coordination of climate risk management across relevant institutions: this indicator is designed to capture the extent to which CRM is coordinated across relevant institutions such as ministries, government agencies, or other bodies with a responsibility to integrate CRM into their activities.
3. Financial support for climate change mainstreaming & related initiatives: this indicator is designed to capture the extent to which actions, measures and processes to address climate change are costed, budgeted for, and provided with the necessary financial support.
4. Level of knowledge and training of key personnel in climate change issues and mainstreaming processes: this indicator is designed to capture the extent to which development and adaptation planning is informed by knowledge of climate change in general and specific knowledge relating to methodologies for integrating or mainstreaming climate change into planning, and the extent to which planning staff are trained in relevant areas.
5. Extent to which climate information is (i) used to inform responses to climate change, and (ii) generated at all levels of society: this indicator is designed to assess the extent to which adaptation and adaptation-relevant development interventions are informed by information about climate change (nature, magnitude, rapidity, local manifestations, associated risks), and to which they help to generate new information about climate change.
6. Institutional capacity for decision-making under climatic uncertainty: this indicator is designed to assess the extent to which climate change planning explicitly addresses uncertainty related to future changes in climate.
7. Quality of stakeholder engagement in decision-making to address climate change: this indicator is designed to assess the extent to which climate change planning involves all relevant stakeholders, in terms of both “vertical” representation (i.e. across different levels of governance from national to community level) and “horizontal” representation (i.e. across a diversity of relevant stakeholders at any particular level but particularly the community level).
8. Awareness of climate change issues, risks and responses: this indicator is designed to evaluate awareness of climate change issues, risks and potential response options, and actions to promote such awareness, in different contexts.
9. Numbers of people better able to cope with climate change and variability: this indicator aims to capture reductions in climate vulnerability, while addressing the highly contextual factors that influence vulnerability.
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