This report describes the progress achieved in relation to sustainable development since 1992 and the gaps still remaining. It is divided into two parts: (i) of the main traits of development in Latin America and the Caribbean in the past 20 years, particularly those which touch upon economic, social and environmental aspects such as the reduction of exposure to disasters; and (ii) proposed guidelines for moving towards sustainable development in the region.
The guidelines recommend: (i) creating synergies among inclusion, social protection, human security, empowerment of people, disaster risk reduction (DRR) and environmental protection; (ii) measuring the sustainability of development; (iii) internalizing environmental, and social costs and benefits of public and private economic decisions; (iv) improving the coordination and consistency of public action in relation to sustainable development policies; (v) producing and disseminating statistics and information on the environment and sustainable development; (vi) formulating better policies based on a more informed, participatory process; and (vii) strengthening education, culture, science and technology in order to build human capital for sustainability.
This document was prepared in conjunction with the technical teams of the following specialized agencies, funds and programmes of the United Nations system: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (ONCHR), Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD), World Food Programme (WFP), Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), International Labour Organization (ILO), World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), UN-Water Decade Programme on Advocacy and Communication, Global Mechanism of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), and the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR).
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