This book presents case studies designed to assist Pacific Developing Member Countries (PDMCs) of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to adapt to climate variability and change, including extreme events. It intends to show why and demonstrate how reducing climate-related risks is an integral part of sustainable development. The case studies were chosen to highlight the range of levels at which adaptation takes place, and the linkages between them. The levels are i) project, ii) regulation and compliance, iii) short- and midterm policymaking and planning at subnational level, and iv) national strategic development planning.
The book presents case studies that demonstrate the climate proofing of infrastructure and community development projects, and the mainstreaming of climate change considerations into national strategic development plans. The case studies thus include assessments of both the risks arising from current climate variability and extremes and from future, incremental changes in those risks that will result from longer-term changes in climate. Significantly, the case studies incorporate assessments of adaptation strategies and specific measures that can be used to reduce unacceptable risks, including analyses of their benefits and costs. One aim of these analyses is to determine, in a rigorous and quantitative manner, the incremental costs of adaptation to climate change.
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