This report highlights many problems related to global food and agriculture that are cause for concern. It examines the role of livestock in: food security and poverty reduction; the environment and climate change; and human and animal health. It urges for effective strategies for adapting to climate change that exacerbate already existing vulnerabilities and increase the impact of other stresses, such as natural disasters, poverty, unequal access to resources, food insecurity and incidence of animal diseases. It asserts that coping and risk management strategies are urgently needed and provides some ways to increase the adaptation capacity.
In terms of impacts of climate change on livestock, the report describes direct and indirect impacts on grazing and non-grazing production systems, and underscores the vulnerability of grazing systems in arid and semi-arid areas. It also raises the concern of warmer temperatures leading to the spread of vector-borne diseases and animal parasites. The report highlights that potential positive and negative impacts will vary geographically.
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