National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage.
The climate in Niger is of the Sahelian type characterized by a great interannual rainfall, which has been expressed by multi-year droughts since 1968. This situation, linked to the climate nature and changes, through the adverse effects of extreme weather events, constitutes a great disadvantage for the development of the country. In fact, the ecosystems frailty makes the country very vulnerable to these events and the difficult socio-economic situation weakens its adaptability. In this regards, adaptation measures are necessary, in order to achieve a sustainable development.
The overall objective of the NAPA is to contribute to the alleviation of the adverse effects of climate variability and changes on the most vulnerable populations with the prospect of a sustainable development. In this area, some adaptation measures, consistent with the orientations of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) contained in the Rural Development Strategy (SDR), were identified. These adaptation measures are all in synergy with the measures of the Post-Rio convention adopted by Niger, especially the United Nations Framework on Climate Changes (UNFCCC), Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD), and the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD).
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