National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage.
Guinea-Bissau is exposed to the negative effects of climate change in almost all productive sectors of national life, particularly regarding its population and natural ecosystems. Among the foreseen consequences are included; a fall in agricultural, forest and grazing production, loss of human lives arising from malnutrition and food insecurity, risk of endemic disease such as diarrhoea, cholera, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, etc.
In such a context, the preparation and finalisation of the National Programme of Action of Adaptation to Negative Effects of Climate Changes (NAPA), financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and under the country’s joining of the Framework Convention on Climate Changes and the Kyoto Protocol, aims to assess the country’s vulnerability to the above-mentioned phenomena. It proposes steps and priority activities aimed at reducing and/or mitigating the negative effects of climate changes and implementing early warning and forecasting measures to enable response to future catastrophes.
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