Guinea-Bissau is thus exposed to the negative effects of climate changes in almost all productive sectors of national life, particularly as when it comes to its population and natural ecosystems. Among the foreseen consequences, the nation singles out a fall in agricultural, forest and grazing production, loss of human lives arising from malnutrition and food insecurity, risk of endemic disease such as diarrhea, cholera, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, etc.
In such a context, the preparation and finalisation of the National Programme of Action of Adaptation to Negative Effects of Climate Changes (NAPA), financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), under the country’s joining of the Framework Convention on Climate Changes and the Kyoto Protocol, aimed at assessing the country’s vulnerability to the above-mentioned phenomena and proposing steps and priority activities aiming at reducing and/or mitigating the negative effects of climate changes and implementing early warning and forecasting measures enabling a response to future catastrophes.
Participatory evaluations on vulnerability and adaptation carried out under NAPA on the basis of various studies and sector consultations already made, revealed that the sectors that ensure the subsistence of the overwhelming majority of Guinean households and constitute
the country’s economic basis are the most vulnerable ones to climate change: the agrarian sector (agriculture, forests and livestock), the sector of water resources and the fishing sector. Anthropic pressure on natural resources, with increasingly onerous and worrying impacts, aggravates this vulnerability.
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