The map shows the geographic distribution of mortality risk as modelled for each 10 km × 10 km square of the Earth’s surface.
China, India and Indonesia are the countries with the highest absolute mortality risk, while some smaller countries, such as El Salvador and Guatemala have very high relative risk.
Some countries, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, that have not experienced recent major earthquake disasters have high levels of both absolute and relative mortality risk. Mortality risk is highly concentrated. The model suggests that 86% of mortality risk is manifested in disasters with more than 10,000 fatalities. This is consistent with the observed losses. Of the 246,200 people killed by earthquakes over the last ten years, 226,000 (91.8%) were killed in just five mega-disasters. The top ten countries on the Mortality Risk Index for earthquakes and their respective values are China (8.5), India (8.5), Indonesia (8.5), Colombia (8.5), Myanmar (8.5), Guatemala (8), Pakistan (7.5), Afghanistan (7.5), Iran (7.5) and Peru (7.5).
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