The Swedish National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction was established in September 2007 by a government commission to the Swedish Rescue Services Agency. Today, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, MSB (established in 2009) is the HFA Focal Point and responsible, for assuring collaboration with other competent authorities and organizations in the Swedish National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction
The platform’s purpose is to work towards preventing and mitigating the consequences of natural disasters in line with Sweden’s commitment to the Hyogo Declaration and the Hyogo Framework for Action.
The following authorities are represented on the platform:
Sweden’s National Platform consists of members from 19 authorities and organisations. These are MSB (Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency); Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management, the County Administrative Boards; Geological Survey of Sweden; Lantmäteriet (the Mapping, Cadastral and Land Registration Authority); Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions; Swedish Board of Agriculture, Swedish Energy Agency; Swedish Environmental Protection Agency; Swedish Forest Agency; Swedish Geotechnical Institute; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency; Svenska Kraftnät (the Swedish National Grid); Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute; Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare; Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning; Swedish National Heritage Board; Swedish National Food Agency; and the Swedish Transport Administration.
Participation in the platform is voluntary and is mainly financed by each member. Working groups can be started for the purpose of accomplishing defined tasks or activities. Collaboration with other actors in society takes place primarily through reference groups which may be established as needed.
MSB finances the platform secretariat and the costs resulting from serving as a HFA focal point. MSB has in 2013 approximately 1.2 million SEK for the national platform covering costs for studies, reports, brochures, national meetings and seminars, and travel and per diem for international meetings attended by the HFA focal point and other staff of the secretariat. The other authorities in the platform contribute with their time when they participate in meetings and working groups and with extra financing for studies of particular interest to them.
The purpose of Sweden’s platform is to improve the coordination of efforts to prevent and mitigate the consequences of natural hazards and disasters in Sweden. The coordination through the platform and the actions taken by the members, are intended to make Sweden less vulnerable to natural events and to increase society’s capacity to manage disasters. The platform is an arena for collaboration and through its activities supports members and their target groups at the central, regional and local levels with data for the work of preventing natural hazards and disasters and of adapting Sweden to a changing climate.
The objective of the platform’s work is for the members, and their target groups at the central, regional and local levels, to gain:
- increased awareness of other actors’ activities in this area
- better coordination for the development and dissemination of knowledge, methods and data in this area,
- more efficient use of resources in this area,
- greater opportunities for national and international collaboration, and
- tangible benefits of a strong national network.
The activities of the platform are an important part of the Action Plan 2013–2015: Swedish National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction. The activities are agreed upon by members of the platform. Discussions about activities and how they can be implemented to strengthen the collaboration between the platform members.
Examples of activities conducted by the Swedish National Platform for DRR are:
- Undertake studies such as how the new elevation database can be used for DRR or to assess the impact of climate and environmental change on cultural heritage.
- Promote the development of a Geotechnical Sector Portal
- Undertake evaluations such as the deficiencies and knowledge gaps in the national DRR work
- Produce reports on topics of interest to the platform such as the legal responsibilities for DRR at the local, regional and central levels,
- Arrange seminars and meetings on particular DRR topics.
- Produce handbooks on best practices in Sweden such as “Managing the problems of flooding – inspiring examples (MSB238)”.