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Russian Federation National Platform

Description

History

EMERCOM was set up by decree of the President of the Russian Federation on January 10, 1994. In fact, the Ministry came into existence on December 27, 1990 when the Russian Rescue Corps was established. Its task was to ensure prompt and effective actions when emergencies arise. In 1995, two federal laws were enforced "On Protection of Population and Territories from Natural and Man-Made Emergencies" and "On Emergency and Rescue Services and Status of Rescuers". They laid down the foundation of the government policy and administrative and legal norms in the realm of population protection, on the one hand, and rescuers, on the other hand.

In accordance with UN General Assemblies Resolutions and recommendations on the expediency to continue the policy of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Risk Reduction the Russian Federation has developed several measures on realization of International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction.

These measures have resulted in the creation of the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction of the Russian Federation, which is consisted now from several governmental and public formations.

Structure

The core of the Platform is the Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM of Russia). EMERCOM was set up by decree of the President of the Russian Federation on January 10, 1994. In fact, the Ministry came into existence on December 27, 1990 when the Russian Rescue Corps was established. Its task was to ensure prompt and effective actions when emergencies arise. In 1995, two federal laws were enforced "On Protection of Population and Territories from Natural and Man-Made Emergencies" and "On Emergency and Rescue Services and Status of Rescuers". They laid down the foundation of the government policy and administrative and legal norms in the realm of population protection, on the one hand, and rescuers, on the other hand.

Another important element of the Platform is the Governmental Commission for Prevention and Elimination of Emergencies and for Ensuring of Fire Safety. The Commission was created in 2003 in accordance with the Decree of the Russian Government. It is the coordinating body for provision of joint actions of the executive power bodies, state and other organizations during realization of common state policy in the field of prevention and elimination of emergencies of natural and technological characters. The Commission is working in interaction with the federal executive power bodies, local management bodies, involved organizations and public associations, and with respective international and intergovernmental organizations.

Chairman of the Commission is Minister of Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM of Russia).

Present representatives of the following executive power bodies are members of the Commission:

Ministries of:

  • Internal Affairs;
  • Transport;
  • Agriculture;
  • Economic Development and Trade;
  • Education and Science;
  • Regional Development;
  • Information Technologies and Communication;
  • Industry and Energy.

Federal Agencies:

  • on Nuclear Energy;
  • of Communication;
  • of Forestry;
  • of Navy and Inland Water Transport;
  • on Education;
  • on Science and Innovations;
  • on State Reserves;
  • on Health and Social Development;
  • on Special Construction;
  • on the Use of the Interior of the Earth;
  • on Railway Transport;
  • on Technical Regulations and Metrology;
  • on Water Resources;
  • on Air Transport;
  • on Building and Housing and Communal Services.

Federal Services:

  • on Intellectual Property, Patents and Trade Marks;
  • on Ecological, Technical and Nuclear Inspectorate;
  • on Labor and Employment;
  • on Hydrometeorology and Monitoring of Environment;
  • on Inspectorate in the Field of Protection of Consumers Rights;
  • on Inspectorate in the Field of Transport.

Meetings of the Commission are conducted on necessity but it is obligatory to have one meeting in three months.

In order to cooperate with international intergovernmental and Russian public organizations and religious faiths and also for the attraction of communities to the realization of the state policy in the field of disaster prevention, protection of population in case of emergencies of natural or technical characters the Public Council was established in 2006. The Public Council consists of people who are well-known in the country and who represent the interests of various strata of society – in total – 31 persons. Among the members of the Public Council it is possible to mention: President of the Journalists Union Mr. Gusev P. – Chairman of the Public Council; Honoured Artist of Russia Mr. Lestshenko L.; Chairman of Russian Red Cross Mrs. Lukutsova R.; Chairman of Russia Independent Ecological Inspectorate Mr. Anikeev V.; Chairman of Russian Alpinists Federation Mr. Volkov A.;

General Director of the Insuring Company "INGOSTRAKH" Mr. Grigoriev A.; Chairman of All- Russia Society Mr. Gruzd S.; Art Director of Moscow Theater of Miniatures Mr. Zvanetsky m.; Rector of Moscow University Mr. Sadovnichii V.; Archpriest of Moscow Patriarchy Dmitry.

The Council has four commissions:

  • Commission on the public expertise of projects of federal laws;
  • Commission on realization of measures of legal and social protection of active and retired personnel of Emercom of Russia;
  • Commission on cooperation with other public and religious organization;
  • Commission on law and order.

Activities

Topics of Commission meetings in 2007-2008 were: "Readiness of Housing and Communal Services for Autumn – Winter Period"; "Provision of Fire Safety in Schools and Buildings with People of Restricted Mobility (hospitals, old peoples home etc.)"; "Protection of Forests from Fire"; "Organization of Joint Exercises on the Response to Emergencies".

 

 

 

 

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