Following a proposal by the UN Secretary-General, the General Assembly convened a High-level Plenary Meeting on accelerating progress towards the achievement of all Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The Meeting, also referred to as "MDG Summit", reviewed of successes, best practices and lessons learned, obstacles and gaps, challenges and opportunities.
With disaster risk increasing globally due to increasing vulnerability to natural hazards, it has become obvious that the MDGs will require a risk-sensitive approach to ensure their accelerated achievement and sustainability. It is vital that development strategies incorporate measures to strengthen community resilience through economic development, income diversification, drought and flood resistant cropping strategies, hazard resilient infrastructure (schools, hospitals, bridges, roads, etc.), early warning systems, as well as through protection of ecosystems.
The Hyogo Framework for Action (2005-2015) observes that "disaster risk reduction is a cross-cutting issue in the context of sustainable development and therefore an important element for the achievement of internationally agreed development goals, including those contained in the Millennium Declaration."
The outcome document, Resolution A/RES/65/1 for the MDG Summit was adopted by the General Assembly by consensus on 22 September. It includes an action agenda for achieving the Goals by 2015, including:
35. We acknowledge that disaster risk reduction and increasing resilience to all types of natural hazards, including geological and hydro-meteorological hazards, in developing countries, in line with the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters, can have multiplier effects and accelerate achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Reducing vulnerabilities to these hazards is therefore a high priority for developing countries. We recognize that small island developing States continue to grapple with natural disasters, some of increased intensity, including as a result of the effects of climate change, impeding progress towards sustainable development.
Disaster risk reduction is an integral part of sustainable development and therefore an important element for the achievement of the MDGs.