ISDR is a partnerships composed of a broad range of actors. See Organizational Contacts
Primary responsibility for implementing disaster risk reduction policies rests with States. Therefore, the ISDR recognizes the leadership of Governments at all levels for disaster risk reduction at national and local levels, including coordination, advocacy and implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action within their national context and governed by their own existing structures.
The Hyogo Framework calls on States to "designate an appropriate national coordination mechanism for the implementation and follow-up of the Hyogo Framework. This includes establishment of national coordination mechanisms that can assist national authorities to achieve multi-stakeholder and multi-sector involvement in disaster risk reduction to address disaster risk reduction in a holistic way in the context of socio-economic development and to drive and monitor implementation of national commitments. These may take the form of national platforms for disaster risk reduction.
At global level, States are key stakeholders in the Global Platform and actively contribute to the substantive discussions and formulation of policy directions.
Regional Intergovernmental Organizations
Existing regional bodies have a key role to play in the ISDR System. The Hyogo Framework identified five specific areas for action by regional bodies:
- i. Promotion of regional programmes on hazard and vulnerability monitoring and assessment, the sharing of information and effective mobilization of resources, in view of supporting national and regional efforts;
- ii. Regional and sub-regional baseline assessments;
- iii. Reviews on progress in the region and on impediments and support needs;
- iv. Establishing or strengthening existing specialized regional collaborative centres for research, training, education and capacity building;
- v. Support for regional mechanisms and capacities for early warning to disasters, including for tsunami. Regional bodies also facilitate the convening of regional or sub-regional platforms for disaster risk reduction.
United Nations System
The Hyogo Framework calls on United Nations agencies (and international financial institutions) to:
- Encourage stronger linkages, coherence and integration of disaster risk reduction elements into the humanitarian and sustainable development fields;
- Strengthen the overall capacity of the United Nations system to assist disaster-prone developing countries in disaster risk reduction through appropriate means and coordination;
- Assist disaster-prone developing countries to set up national strategies and plans of action and programmes for disaster risk reduction and to develop their institutional and technical capacities in the field of disaster risk reduction;
- Integrate actions in support of the implementation of this Framework into relevant coordination mechanisms such as the United Nations Development Group and the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (on humanitarian action);
- Integrate disaster risk reduction considerations into development assistance frameworks, such as the Common Country Assessments, the United Nations Development Assistance Framework and Poverty Reduction Strategies;
- In close collaboration with existing networks and platforms, cooperate to support globally consistent data collection and forecasting on natural hazards, vulnerabilities and risks and disaster impacts at all scales.
The UN Country Team, and in particular the Secretary-General's representative at a country level (Resident Coordinators, Humanitarian Coordinators, Special Representatives of the Secretary-General as the case may be), within the framework of ISDR, may support the national authorities and civil society in establishing risk reduction strategies and ensure that the UN programmes' strategies are fully in line with the three strategic goals, the five priority areas of the Hyogo Framework for Action and the national development priorities.
International Financial Institutions (IFIs)
The ISDR System counts on the cooperation of and coordination with the IFIs, notably the World Bank and regional development banks. The Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery is a key ISDR System partnership managed by the World Bank.
The Global Facility promotes global and regional advocacy and information sharing through consultations, information management tools and the exchange of good practices between countries as part of the strengthening of the ISDR System.
It supports activities to mainstream hazard risk management in poverty reduction and economic growth strategies in low- and middle-income countries, synchronized with national planning processes (e.g., risk assessment reports and regional and national plans of action for risk reduction, early warning strategies and catastrophic risk financing initiatives).
Other International Organizations
A number of other specialized international organizations have important contributions to make in supporting nations and communities to reduce disaster risk.
The ISDR System also involves key non-governmental actors and network organizations in disaster risk reduction actors including the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and their Federation (IFRC), ProVention Consortium, non-governmental and civil society organizations as well as representatives of private sector, media and academic institutions.
A global network of non-governmental organizations for community resilience to disaster (involving non-governmental organizations from the humanitarian and development spheres and from the North and South) has evolved to share experience and to participate in the ISDR System.