Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction
The Global Platform is the main global forum for continued and concerted emphasis on disaster reduction. As such, it provides a forum for Member States and other stakeholders to assess progress made in implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Actions, enhance awareness of disaster risk reduction, share experiences and learn from good practice, identify remaining gaps and identify actions to accelerate national and local implementation.
Participation in the Global Platform is open to all States.
In addition, the participation of other international partner organizations which have a
demonstrated track record of strong and continued engagement in disaster
risk reduction and implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action,
including involvement in ISDR platforms may be invited; wide representation and outreach
at international and/or regional level; and are committed to contribute actively
to the Global Platform including reporting on their activities in the field of disaster risk reduction.
A National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction is a nationally owned and nationally led forum or committee for advocacy, coordination, analysis and advice on disaster risk reduction.
Ideally, and for maximum effectiveness, National Platforms are comprised of the range of stakeholders concerned with disaster risk reduction in the country, harnessing their combined potential to build resilience to disasters. Stakeholders include government (relevant line ministries and disaster management authorities), non-governmental organizations, academic and scientific institutions, professional associations, Red Cross / Red Crescent Societies, the private sector, the media, etc. They should cover all issues and sectors related to disaster risk reduction including agriculture, community development, education, energy, environment, financing for development, housing, infrastructure, planning, science and technology, water and sanitation, etc. National Platforms may also wish to invite bilateral development agencies, country-based United Nations organizations and the World Bank to participate as appropriate.
A National Platform should be the coordination mechanism for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into development policies, planning and programmes with a view to full implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action. It should be built on existing national coordination mechanisms and contribute to the establishment of a comprehensive national disaster risk reduction system for the country.
Regional bodies facilitate the convening of regional or sub-regional platforms for disaster risk reduction, which include representatives from States, national platforms and regional intergovernmental organizations, regional offices of UN agencies, regional economic commissions, regional development banks, regional political, economic and thematic inter-governmental organizations, committees, associations and networks, regional NGOs, scientific and technical organizations.
Between sessions of the Global Platform, Regional Platforms are convened both to address issues of particular concern to the regions and to prepare for sessions of the Global Platform. Regional and sub-regional platforms are instrumental for advocacy, dialogue, coordination and resource mobilization.
Based and building on existing specialized partnerships, networks and other mechanisms, a number of self-organized thematic platforms mainly composed of technical and scientific bodies have been established which participate actively and provide thematic support to the ISDR partnership and the Global Platform in particular.
These are designed to integrate global technical expertise, regional concerns and national capacities within the thematic areas of focus.
They contribute their expertise to the Global Platform processes in support of national and regional efforts to implement the Hyogo Framework.
Thematic partnerships for disaster risk reduction and the development of ISDR Thematic Platforms
ISDR Support Group
The Geneva-based self-organized ISDR Support Group is open to all interested States. Its main aim is to mobilize the necessary political and financial support for the effective functioning of the strengthened ISDR partnership, focusing in particular on issues related to the participation of States in the system.
Scientific and Technical Committee
A Scientific and Technical Committee advises the Global Platform. The Committee advocates for and guides policy and actions related to scientific and technical issues within the ISDR partnership, for informed decision making and public awareness.
Science is considered here in its widest sense to include the natural, environmental, social, economic, health and engineering sciences, and the term "technical" includes relevant matters of technology, engineering practice and implementation.
The Committee's functions are to provide advice and to make recommendations on priorities for scientific and technical attention by the ISDR partnership; to propose and organize specific enquiries to investigate and report on priority matters; to advise on relevant elements of the Joint Work Programme; to provide guidance to the scientific and technical work of ISDR thematic partnerships; to stimulate dialogue and innovation including the promotion of good practice, and to report annually to the Chair of the ISDR partnership on the matters within its mandate.
ISDR Secretariat (UNISDR)
The ISDR Secretariat, overseen by the USG for Humanitarian Affairs, serves as the focal point within the United Nations system for the coordination and harmonization of policies and strategies for disaster risk reduction, encouraging synergy between the humanitarian and socio-economic development policies and strategies of the United Nations system.
It supports the ISDR partnership in the areas of coordination and resource mobilization, advocacy and partnership building and strategic information and policy guidance. Its specific core functions:
- Tracking implementation of the Hyogo Framework and facilitating reviews of experience and preparing progress reports;
- Promoting a worldwide culture of risk reduction, acting as a "clearing house" for information and communication materials, advocated with broad interagency collaboration and networks of expertise;
- Facilitating and servicing the Global Platform, the Management Oversight Board and regional and thematic platforms and networks and supporting cooperation among members;
- Supporting national platforms for disaster risk reduction with information and policy advice, acting as a broker for the provision of technical expertise and resources to national and thematic programmes;
- Advocating resource mobilization, establishing tracking and reporting systems, and administering the UN Trust Fund for Disaster Reduction.
1: Report of the Secretary-General A/54/497 and General Assembly Resolution A/RES/54/219.
2: General Assembly resolution A/RES/62/192, paragraph 15 (11 February 2008).
3: Invited organizations include inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations, international financial institutions, thematic entities (thematic platforms, specialized partnerships, networks) and scientific and technical bodies covering the social, economic, humanitarian, political, environmental and scientific fields as well as civil society and the private sector.
4: On early warning, post-disaster recovery, El Niņo phenomenon, wildland fires, training and capacity development and education. Platforms are being developed to address other specific areas such as environment and climate change, drought, seismic risks, etc., with a global or regional scope.