2007 Global Review
A radical realignment of priorities in addressing the Hyogo Framework for Action are required if the growing population living in high risk conditions is to be adequately protected, the recently released UNISDR's 2007 Global Review has concluded.
Current emphasis on saving lives has to be complemented by a vision of protecting and strengthening livelihoods and human development. While political momentum for creating new systems and laws for disaster risk reduction is building, the Review states that lack of dedicated resources from national budgets and trained personnel to implement plans, may inhibit progress in reducing risks.
The Review defines two main categories of disaster risk, both of which may be exacerbated by climate change, and are closely related to trends in development activity.
The rural poor and marginal urban communities in particular, are increasingly subject to 'extensive disaster risks' - that is, highly localised, low intensity but cumulative disaster impacts from small-scale, mainly climatic hazards. This kind of risk is increasing rapidly due to climate change and factors such as environmental degradation. Despite causing lower apparent mortality and damage, it represents a significant challenge to sustainable livelihoods and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Evidence also shows that the impact of 'intensive disaster risks' - characteristic of large-scale hazards affecting densely populated areas, is becoming more severe. Climate change and rapid urbanization may continue to increase mortality and economic losses caused by the incidence of large-scale climatic and geological hazards.
The Review emphasizes the need for addressing underlying risk factors, through livelihood diversification, environmental management, climate change adaptation, better building practices and settlement planning.
To view the 2007 Global Review, click here