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A flood is an overflow of a body of water (rive, lake) that submerges land or the abnormal accumulation of water on the surface due to excess rainfall and rise of the groundwater level above surface on impermeable or saturated terrains. source: CRED

 Photo by WMO Global annual average temperatures anomalies (relative to 1961-1990) based on an average of three global temperature data sets (HadCRUT., GISTEMP and NOAAGlobalTemp) from 1950 to 2014. The 2015 average is based on data from January to October. Bars are coloured according to whether the year was classified as an El Niño year (red), a La Niña year (blue) or an ENSO-neutral year (grey). Note uncertainty ranges are not shown, but are around 0.1°C

Americas hit hard by El Niño

27 Nov 2015, UNISDR AM

Peru’s national government has declared a state of emergency in 14 of the country’s departments / regions and set aside a budget of US$1bn to prepare two million people who are particularly vulnerable to mudslides and flooding. Regional governments of Peru have already invested over US$52 million USD in resilience and assigned 6% of their total budget for projects to mitigate El Niño impacts...

Human Exposure - Absolute exposure to flood
People exposed per year
1 Bangladesh 19,279,960
2 India 15,859,640
3 China 3,972,502
4 Viet Nam 3,403,041
5 Cambodia 1,765,674
Source of data: 2009 Global Assessment Report
Number of flood occured (reported)

Source of data: OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database

External Online Resources on Flood

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