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Drought originates from a deficiency of precipitation over an extended period of time, usually a season or more. This deficiency results in a water shortage for some activity, group, or environmental sector. Different from other hazards in that it develops slowly, sometimes over years, and its onset can be masked by a number of factors. Drought can be devastating: water supplies dry up, crops fail to grow, animals die and malnutrition and ill health become widespread. source: WMO

WMO: 2015 likely to be warmest on record, 2011-2015 warmest five year period

25 Nov 2015, WMO

The global average surface temperature in 2015 is likely to be the warmest on record and to reach the symbolic and significant milestone of 1° Celsius above the pre-industrial era. This is due to a combination of a strong El Niño and human-induced global warming, according to the World Meteorological Organization...

Human Exposure - Absolute exposure to drought
People exposed per year
1 China 71,297,700
2 India 58,912,300
3 USA 26,055,000
4 Pakistan 11,872,500
5 Ethiopia 9,342,200
Source of data: 2009 Global Assessment Report
Number of drought occured (reported)

Source of data: OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database

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