DISASTER RISK DRR FRAMEWORK COUNTRIES & REGIONS THEMES HAZARDS RESOURCES
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Drought

Drought originates from a deficiency of precipitation over an extended period of time, usually a season or more. This deficiency results in a water shortage for some activity, group, or environmental sector. Different from other hazards in that it develops slowly, sometimes over years, and its onset can be masked by a number of factors. Drought can be devastating: water supplies dry up, crops fail to grow, animals die and malnutrition and ill health become widespread. source: WMO

 World Bank

Water scarcity could hit economic growth by up to 6 percent - World Bank

3 May 2016, WB

Water scarcity, exacerbated by climate change, could cost some regions up to 6 percent of their GDP, spur migration, and spark conflict, according to a new World Bank report - High and Dry: Climate Change, Water and the Economy.


Human Exposure - Absolute exposure to drought
  Countries  
People exposed per year
1 China 71,297,700
2 India 58,912,300
3 USA 26,055,000
4 Pakistan 11,872,500
5 Ethiopia 9,342,200
Source of data: 2009 Global Assessment Report
Number of drought occured (reported)

Source of data: OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database

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