HYOGO FRAMEWORK COUNTRIES & REGIONS THEMES & ISSUES HAZARDS PROFESSIONAL RESOURCES
Subscriptions: RSSEmail

Americas - Disaster Statistics

A 'pre-designed' summary and profile of disasters reported for a particular region including a summary of events from 1980 to September 2008, as well as the top 10 disasters.

Region Profile for Natural Disasters from 1980 - 2008


Overview

No of events: 2,101
No of people killed: 154,662
Average killed per year: 5,333
No of people affected: 165,729,935
Average affected per year: 5,714,825
Ecomomic Damage (US$ X 1,000): 604,210,264
Ecomomic Damage per year (US$ X 1,000): 20,834,837


Natural Disaster Occurence Reported



Average Disaster Per Year

Drought: 2.86
Earthquake*: 5.17
Epidemic: 3.38
Extreme temp: 2.31
Flood: 22.90
Insect infestation: 0.10
Mass mov. dry: 0.24
Mass mov. wet: 3.41
Volcano: 1.86
Storm: 26.59
Wildfire: 3.62


Top 10 Natural Disasters Reported


Affected People

Country Disaster Date Total affected
Brazil Drought 1983 20,000,000
United States Storm 2008 11,000,009
Brazil Drought 1998 10,000,000
Cuba Storm 2001 5,900,012
Argentina Flood 1983 5,830,000
United States Storm 2004 5,000,000
Argentina Flood 1988 4,600,000
Brazil Flood 1988 3,020,734
Brazil Flood 1983 3,008,300
United States Storm 1999 3,000,010

Killed People

Country Disaster Date Killed
Venezuela Flood 1999 30,000
Colombia Volcano 1985 21,800
Honduras Storm 1998 14,600
Mexico Earthquake* 1985 9,500
Peru Epidemic 1991 8,000
Ecuador Earthquake* 1987 5,000
Nicaragua Storm 1998 3,332
Haiti Storm 2004 2,754
Haiti Flood 2004 2,665
United States Storm 2005 1,833

Economic Damages

Country Disaster Date Cost (US$ X 1000)
United States Storm 2005 125,000,000
United States Earthquake* 1994 30,000,000
United States Storm 1992 26,500,000
United States Storm 2004 18,000,000
United States Storm 2004 16,000,000
United States Storm 2005 16,000,000
United States Storm 2008 15,000,000
United States Storm 2005 14,300,000
United States Flood 1993 12,000,000
United States Storm 2004 11,000,000


Statistics Per Event


Killed People

Drought: 0.88
Earthquake*: 138.67
Epidemic: 151.49
Extreme temp: 73.88
Flood: 71.76
Insect infestation: ...
Mass mov. dry: 50.00
Mass mov. wet: 57.96
Volcano: 408.63
Storm: 49.26
Wildfire: 1.97

Affected People

Drought: 532,061.69
Earthquake*: 62,811.55
Epidemic: 21,707.95
Extreme temp: 74,237.16
Flood: 68,954.31
Insect infestation: 666.67
Mass mov. dry: 344.43
Mass mov. wet: 14,309.57
Volcano: 22,709.19
Storm: 71,922.32
Wildfire: 11,054.25

Economic Damages

Drought: 180,592.04
Earthquake*: 364,041.31
Epidemic: ...
Extreme temp: 173,803.73
Flood: 93,239.04
Insect infestation: 34,666.67
Mass mov. dry: ...
Mass mov. wet: 20,050.51
Volcano: 40,031.43
Storm: 567,785.68
Wildfire: 181,389.52


Statistics By Disasters Type


Percentage of reported people killed by disaster type

Percentage of reported people affected by disaster type




Estimated economic damages reported by disaster type (US$ X 1,000)

*: Incl. tsunami


More information and data on: www.emdat.be/

Source of data: "EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Bel."
Data version: v11.08