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Africa - Disaster Statistics

A 'pre-designed' summary and profile of disasters reported for a particular region including a summary of events from 1980 to September 2008, as well as the top 10 disasters.

Region Profile for Natural Disasters from 1980 - 2008


Overview

No of events: 1,699
No of people killed: 708,712
Average killed per year: 24,438
No of people affected: 319,465,876
Average affected per year: 11,016,065
Ecomomic Damage (US$ X 1,000): 24,141,032
Ecomomic Damage per year (US$ X 1,000): 832,449


Natural Disaster Occurence Reported



Average Disaster Per Year

Drought: 6.34
Earthquake*: 1.66
Epidemic: 21.31
Extreme temp: 0.34
Flood: 19.59
Insect infestation: 2.10
Mass mov. dry: 0.21
Mass mov. wet: 0.62
Volcano: 0.41
Storm: 5.28
Wildfire: 0.72


Top 10 Natural Disasters Reported


Affected People

Country Disaster Date Total affected
Kenya Drought 1999 23,000,000
South Africa Drought 2004 15,000,000
Ethiopia Drought 2003 12,600,000
Ghana Drought 1983 12,500,000
Sudan Drought 1991 8,600,000
Sudan Drought 1983 8,400,000
Ethiopia Drought 1983 7,750,000
Ethiopia Drought 1987 7,000,000
Malawi Drought 1992 7,000,000
Ethiopia Drought 1989 6,500,000

Killed People

Country Disaster Date Killed
Ethiopia Drought 1983 300,000
Sudan Drought 1983 150,000
Mozambique Drought 1981 100,000
Ethiopia Epidemic 1988 7,385
Nigeria Epidemic 1991 7,289
Nigeria Epidemic 1996 4,346
Burkina Faso Epidemic 1996 4,071
Niger Epidemic 1995 3,022
Sudan Epidemic 1988 2,770
Algeria Earthquake* 1980 2,633

Economic Damages

Country Disaster Date Cost (US$ X 1000)
Algeria Earthquake* 1980 5,200,000
Algeria Earthquake* 2003 5,000,000
Zimbabwe Drought 1982 2,500,000
Egypt Earthquake* 1992 1,200,000
South Africa Drought 1991 1,000,000
Morocco Drought 1999 900,000
South Africa Flood 1987 765,305
Mozambique Flood 2000 419,200
Morocco Earthquake* 2004 400,000
South Africa Storm 1990 393,000


Statistics Per Event


Killed People

Drought: 3,006.10
Earthquake*: 148.58
Epidemic: 203.82
Extreme temp: 22.70
Flood: 28.26
Insect infestation: ...
Mass mov. dry: 39.50
Mass mov. wet: 18.28
Volcano: 165.75
Storm: 22.41
Wildfire: 10.95

Affected People

Drought: 1,369,885.03
Earthquake*: 32,560.00
Epidemic: 19,038.80
Extreme temp: 100,010.50
Flood: 73,906.93
Insect infestation: ...
Mass mov. dry: 315.50
Mass mov. wet: 1,248.89
Volcano: 35,446.08
Storm: 69,494.84
Wildfire: 785.48

Economic Damages

Drought: 26,177.68
Earthquake*: 254,394.35
Epidemic: ...
Extreme temp: 4,780.90
Flood: 7,402.12
Insect infestation: 85.25
Mass mov. dry: ...
Mass mov. wet: ...
Volcano: 750.00
Storm: 18,542.47
Wildfire: 476.19


Statistics By Disasters Type


Percentage of reported people killed by disaster type

Percentage of reported people affected by disaster type




Estimated economic damages reported by disaster type (US$ X 1,000)

*: Incl. tsunami


More information and data on: www.emdat.be/

Source of data: "EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Bel."
Data version: v11.08