Vanuatu

Basic Country Statistics and Indicators (2014)

What's this?
- Population, GDP, GFCF, Gross savings, Total reserves (World Bank Development indicators. http://data.worldbank.org/ More information can be found in "Indicators definitions and sources".)
- Capital stock (Global Exposure Database 2014. Di Bono, 2014)
- Social expenditure (International Labour Organisation, ILO: Total Social Protection expenditure, 2012; Public Health Care expenditure, 2012; World Bank Development indicators, Public Education expenditure, 2011)
- Rule of law, Government effectiveness, Voice and accountability, Control of corruption (World Bank Governance indicators. http://data.worldbank.org/)
- Pop living in slums (Indicadores de los Objetivos del Desarrollo del Milenio http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/SeriesDetail.aspx?srid=710)
- Ecological footprint (Global Footprint Network www.footprintnetwork.org)
- Environmental performance index, Forest change (Environmental Performance Index, Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy, Yale University and Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN); Columbia University http://epi.yale.edu)
Population people 252,763
Urban % Total population 25.508
Rural % Total population 74.492
Urban population growth % Annual 3.416
Population density People / km2 20.7
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) Million US$ 834.760
GDP per capita US$ 3,276.73
Capital stock Million US$ 2,810
GFCF (Gross Fixed Capital Formation) Million US$ 219.009
Social Expenditure Million US$ 87
Gross Savings Million US$ 148.197
Total reserves Million US$ 173.789

Nationally Reported Losses 1990 - 2014

All scale disasters without criteria.

Mortality

Combined economic losses

8-year moving average 2005-2013 Extensive [%] Intensive [%]
DataCards 2.25 100.00 0.00
Deaths 0.00 100.00 0.00
House destroyed 28.30 100.00 0.00
House damaged 10.75 100.00 0.00
Injured people 1.75 100.00 0.00
Displaced people 475.25 100.00 0.00
Combined economic loss (US$) 667,731.40 100.00 0.00

Internationally Reported Losses 1990 - 2014 EMDAT

What's this?
For a disaster to be entered into the database at least one of the following criteria must be fulfilled:
- Ten (10) or more people reported killed.
- Hundred (100) or more people reported affected.
- Declaration of a state of emergency.
- Call for international assistance.

CRED EM-DAT (Feb. 2015) : The OFDA/CRED - International Disaster Database www.emdat.be Université catholique de Louvain Brussels - Belgium.

Frequency

Mortality

Economic issues

10-year moving average 2005-2014
Events 1
Deaths 1
Economic loss (,000 US$) 0

Probabilistic risk results

Average Annual Loss (AAL) by hazard

What's this?
The Average Annual Loss (AAL) is the expected loss per annum associated to the occurrence of future perils assuming a very long observation timeframe. It considers the damage caused on the exposed elements by small, moderate and extreme events and results a useful and robust metric for risk ranking and comparisons.
Hazard
 
Absolute
[Million US$]
Capital
stock [%]
GFCF
[%]
Social
exp [%]
Total
Reserves [%]
Gross
Savings [%]
Earthquake 7.65 0.272 3.493 8.773 4.402 5.162
Wind 35.05 1.248 16.004 40.194 20.168 23.651
Storm Surge 23.82 0.848 10.876 27.316 13.706 16.073
Tsunami 0.06 0.002 0.027 0.069 0.035 0.040
Volcano 3.20 0.114 1.461 3.670 1.841 2.159
Multi-Hazard 66.58 2.370 30.401 76.351 38.311 44.927

Hazard contribution to AAL

Probable Maximum Loss (PML)

What's this?
The Probable Maximum Loss (PML) is a risk metric that represents the maximum loss that could be expected, on average, within a given number of years. PML is widely used to establish limits related to the size of reserves that, for example, insurance companies or a government should have available to buffer losses: the higher the return period, the higher the expected loss. PML always have associated a mean return period.

Mean return period in years - Values for hazard are in million US$

Hazard
 
20 50 100 250 500 1000 1500
Earthquake 31 63 95 146 189 225 247
Wind 253 445 545 583 620 694 741
Storm Surge 62 80 95 103 103 103 103
Tsunami 0 1 2 3 4 6 8

Exposure to volcano

Number of volcanoes 14
Total population living within 30km from a volcano 119,868
% of population living with 30km distance from a volcano 53

INFORM 2015 Risk Index

What's this?
The INFORM model adopts the three aspects of vulnerability reflected in the UNISDR definition. The aspects of physical exposure and physical vulnerability are integrated in the hazard & exposure dimension, the aspect of fragility of the socio-economic system becomes INFORM's vulnerability dimension while lack of resilience to cope and recover is treated under the lack of coping capacity dimension.
INFORM 2015 risk index map

  Value Rank Trend
INFORM 4.32 64 EQUAL
Hazard 3.07 81 EQUAL
Vulnerability 4.12 67 EQUAL
Coping Capacity 6.40 54 EQUAL

Notes

Extensive risk is used to describe the risk of low-severity, high-frequency disasters, mainly but not exclusively associated with highly localized hazards. Intensive risk is used to describe the risk of high-severity, mid to low-frequency disasters, mainly associated with major hazards.

AAL: The Average Annual Loss is the expected loss per annum associated to the occurrence of future perils assuming a very long observation timeframe. It considers the damage caused on the exposed elements by small, moderate and extreme events and results a useful and robust metric for risk ranking and comparisons. AAL Flood results are provisional. These results give an overview of the risk associated with river flooding. Factors other than the depth of the water also have a considerable influence on loss, which means that there is greater uncertainty compared with other hazards.

Risk and development implications index. This index is useful to provide a ranking of the countries based on the ratio of the expected Average Annual Loss (AAL) with relation to a set of relevant macroeconomic, financial, and social development variables. It attempts to reveal the weight of the AAL with respect to the social expenditure, the capital formation (domestic investment) and reserves (financial capacity), and the produced capital or capital stock (assets at risk) and savings (treasury) of each country. It reflects, in adverse conditions, growth and social constraints for the country as a result of potential future disasters. The fiscal portfolio is composed by the government buildings, public education and health buildings, and low income residential private buildings.

PML: The Probable Maximum Loss is a risk metric that represents the maximum loss that could be expected, on average, within a given number of years. PML is widely used to establish limits related to the size of reserves that, for example, insurance companies or a government should have available to buffer losses: the higher the return period, the higher the expected loss. PML always have associated a mean return period. Mean return period of 100, 250, 500, 1000 and 1500 years means the 5%, 2%, 1%, 0.5% and 0.3% probability respectively of exceeding those losses in 5 years.

Data source

UNISDR Global Risk Assessment 2015: GVM and IAVCEI, UNEP, CIMNE and associates and INGENIAR, FEWS NET and CIMA Foundation.
World Bank Development indicators. http://data.worldbank.org/
More information can be found in "Indicators definitions and sources".
International Labour Organisation, ILO: Total Social Protection expenditure (2012), Public Health Care expenditure (2012), World Bank Development indicators, Public Education expenditure (2011)
Global Footprint Network: http://www.footprintnetwork.org
EM-DAT (Feb. 2015) : The OFDA/CRED - International Disaster Database http://www.emdat.be Université catholique de Louvain Brussels - Belgium