Kenya

population

44,353,691

WB, 2012

Population density

77.9p/KM2

WB, 2012

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

44,101.115

WB, 2012

Capital stock - M. USD

98,383

WB, 2012

Social expenditure - M. USD

4,192

WB, 2012

Total Reserves - M. USD

6,598.159

WB, 2012

Basic Country Statistics and Indicators (2014)

What's this?
- Population, GDP, GFCF, Gross savings, Total reserves (World Bank Development indicators. http://data.worldbank.org/ More information can be found in "Indicators definitions and sources".)
- Capital stock (Global Exposure Database 2014. Di Bono, 2014)
- Social expenditure (International Labour Organisation, ILO: Total Social Protection expenditure, 2012; Public Health Care expenditure, 2012; World Bank Development indicators, Public Education expenditure, 2011)
- Rule of law, Government effectiveness, Voice and accountability, Control of corruption (World Bank Governance indicators. http://data.worldbank.org/)
- Pop living in slums (Indicadores de los Objetivos del Desarrollo del Milenio http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/SeriesDetail.aspx?srid=710)
- Ecological footprint (Global Footprint Network www.footprintnetwork.org)
- Environmental performance index, Forest change (Environmental Performance Index, Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy, Yale University and Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN); Columbia University http://epi.yale.edu)
Population people 44,353,691
Urban % Total population 24.780
Rural % Total population 75.220
Urban population growth % Annual 4.355
Population density People / km2 77.9
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) US$ 44,101.115
GDP per capita US$ 1,245.512
Capital stock Million US$ 98,383
GFCF (Gross Fixed Capital Formation) Million US$ 9,088.328
Social Expenditure Million US$ 4,192
Gross Savings Million US$ 5,665.654
Total reserves Million US$ 6,598.159

Nationally Reported Losses 1990 - 2014

All scale disasters without criteria.

Mortality

Combined economic losses

7-year moving average 2005-2012 Extensive [%] Intensive [%]
DataCards 168.71 99.83 0.17
Deaths 53.00 99.00 1.00
House destroyed 33.86 99.16 0.84
House damaged 1,079.14 99.97 0.03
Injured people 33.00 100.00 0.00
Displaced people 2,147.86 100.00 0.00
Combined economic loss (US$) 70,325,295.28 69.67 30.33

Internationally Reported Losses 1990 - 2014 EMDAT

What's this?
For a disaster to be entered into the database at least one of the following criteria must be fulfilled:
- Ten (10) or more people reported killed.
- Hundred (100) or more people reported affected.
- Declaration of a state of emergency.
- Call for international assistance.

CRED EM-DAT (Feb. 2015) : The OFDA/CRED - International Disaster Database www.emdat.be Université catholique de Louvain Brussels - Belgium.

Frequency

Mortality

Economic issues

10-year moving average 2005-2014
Events 4
Deaths 87
Economic loss (,000 US$) 13,650

Probabilistic risk results

Average Annual Loss (AAL) by hazard

What's this?
The Average Annual Loss (AAL) is the expected loss per annum associated to the occurrence of future perils assuming a very long observation timeframe. It considers the damage caused on the exposed elements by small, moderate and extreme events and results a useful and robust metric for risk ranking and comparisons.
Hazard
 
Absolute
[Million US$]
Capital
stock [%]
GFCF
[%]
Social
exp [%]
Total
Reserves [%]
Gross
Savings [%]
Earthquake 12.57 0.013 0.138 0.300 0.191 0.222
Flood 90.33 0.092 0.994 2.155 1.369 1.594
Multi-Hazard 102.90 0.105 1.132 2.455 1.560 1.816

Hazard contribution to AAL

Probable Maximum Loss (PML)

What's this?
The Probable Maximum Loss (PML) is a risk metric that represents the maximum loss that could be expected, on average, within a given number of years. PML is widely used to establish limits related to the size of reserves that, for example, insurance companies or a government should have available to buffer losses: the higher the return period, the higher the expected loss. PML always have associated a mean return period.

Mean return period in years - Values for hazard are in million US$

Hazard
 
20 50 100 250 500 1000 1500
Earthquake 24 55 116 337 725 1,434 2,020
Wind 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Storm Surge 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsunami 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Drought

Return
period
Loss in US$
(Baseline scenario)
Loss in US$
(Climate Change scenario)
5 years 30,000,000 24,000,000
10 years 58,000,000 38,000,000
20 years 83,000,000 56,000,000
50 years 143,000,000 70,000,000
100 years 184,000,000 74,000,000
AAL 16,000,000 10,000,000

Exposure to volcano

Number of volcanoes 22
Total population living within 30km from a volcano 3,968,357
% of population living with 30km distance from a volcano 9

HFA Progress (Cycle 2013-2015)

What's this?
National government self-assessment on the implementation of disaster risk reduction actions and establishment of baselines on levels of progress achieved in implementing the five priorities of the Hyogo Framework for Action:
HFA Priority 1 - Making disaster risk reduction a policy priority, institutional strengthening;
HFA Priority 2 - Risk assessment and early warning systems;
HFA Priority 3 - Education, information and public awareness;
HFA Priority 4 - Reducing underlying risk factors;
HFA Priority 5 - Preparedness for effective response.

Levels:
1 - Minor progress with few signs of forward action in plans or policy;
2 - Some progress, but without systematic policy and/ or institutional commitment;
3 - Institutional commitment attained, but achievements are neither comprehensive nor substantial;
4 - Substantial achievement attained but with recognized limitations in key aspects, such as financial resources and/ or operational capacities;
5 - Comprehensive achievement with sustained commitment and capacities at all levels.
1 2 3 4 5
Priority 1 Core indicator 1
Core indicator 2
Core indicator 3
Core indicator 4
Priority 2 Core indicator 1
Core indicator 2
Core indicator 3
Core indicator 4
Priority 3 Core indicator 1
Core indicator 2
Core indicator 3
Core indicator 4
Priority 4 Core indicator 1
Core indicator 2
Core indicator 3
Core indicator 4
Core indicator 5
Core indicator 6
Priority 5 Core indicator 1
Core indicator 2
Core indicator 3
Core indicator 4
1 2 3 4 5

INFORM 2015 Risk Index

What's this?
The INFORM model adopts the three aspects of vulnerability reflected in the UNISDR definition. The aspects of physical exposure and physical vulnerability are integrated in the hazard & exposure dimension, the aspect of fragility of the socio-economic system becomes INFORM's vulnerability dimension while lack of resilience to cope and recover is treated under the lack of coping capacity dimension.
INFORM 2015 risk index map

  Value Rank Trend
INFORM 6.15 17 EQUAL
Hazard 5.78 31 EQUAL
Vulnerability 6.26 14 EQUAL
Coping Capacity 6.44 53 EQUAL